London May Need Around 50,000 Additional EV Charging Points By 2025
The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, has set out his plans for a major
expansion of London's electric vehicle-charging network to ensure the
capital continues to be one of the world's leading zero-emission cities.
To tackle the twin dangers of London's toxic air crisis and the climate change emergency, the Mayor has brought together the public and private sector to deliver the electric vehicle infrastructure Londoners need. This includes commitments by businesses and retailers to transform EV charging provision in London over the coming years.
London's plan follows the Mayor's establishment of the world's first Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Taskforce, bringing together representatives from business, energy, infrastructure, government and the London boroughs. The past year has seen more than 140 organisations contribute to the work of the Taskforce.
London is at the forefront of the zero-emission revolution with more than 20,000 electric vehicles, 1,700 electric taxis and Europe's largest electric bus fleet. This plan builds on TfL's successful rollout of over 175 rapid charge points across the city (delivering a full charge in 20 - 30 minutes) and a growing network of over 1,100 lamp post charging points delivered by boroughs in residential areas. This has been complemented by the roll out of the world's first ever Ultra Low Emission Zone, enforcing tough new emission standards in central London which is helping drive companies to electrify their fleets.
Currently the roll out of the charging infrastructure is in the line with the demand for electric vehicles but London needs an electric revolution. This plan estimates the number of charge points required in the next five years, based on different scenarios for the growth of EVs and looks at how this can be delivered with less public subsidy and without installing points which are underused or outdated.
Making it easier for Londoners to make the switch from diesel to electric cars is a key part of reducing toxic traffic emissions and realising the Mayor's ambition of becoming a zero-emission city. The Taskforce and other industry partners will support the Mayor in driving forward a number of initiatives in the plan including:
1. Installing the next generation of ultra-rapid charging points at London petrol stations later this year.
2.Delivering five flagship charging hubs, with the ability for multiple cars to quickly be charged in one place. The first of these hubs will be operational in the heart of the Square Mile by the end of the year.
3.A new ‘one-stop-shop' for Londoners to request new charging infrastructure from their local authority in areas of high demand led by London Councils, making it easier for drivers to switch to electric vehicles.
4.Expanding electric car clubs and bringing more vehicles to market, offering greater choice to Londoners and businesses.
5.New online smart tools to ensure London's energy grid continues to keep pace with demand and to help unlock private sector investment.
Speaking at the launch of the London EV Infrastructure Delivery Plan at the Institution of Engineering and Technology, the Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan said: “To make this vision a reality we must make sure all Londoners have access to the essential infrastructure required to run and maintain an electric vehicle. This is a massive operation and can only be achieved if the public and private sector come together to deliver London's electric future.”
The plan outlines how London is on track to deliver the necessary infrastructure for a radical growth in electric vehicles, which estimates show could increase from around 20,000 today to over 330,000 by 2025. This will be driven by a combination of new low-emission regulations, supportive policy at all levels of government and a decrease in the cost of electric vehicles.
Christina Calderato, Head of Transport Strategy & Planning for TfL, said: “The Mayor's Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Delivery Plan shows how important it will be for the whole sector to work together to foster the expected uptake of electric vehicles. We have already delivered 183 rapid charging points with 300 on the way by the end of next year. It is fantastic to see collaboration with partners already happening through the taskforce.“
Councillor Julian Bell, Chair of London Councils' Transport and Environment Committee, said:“We are proud to be part of initiatives such as the Go Ultra Low City Scheme (GULCS), which encourage London residents to switch to electric vehicles. GULCS has already helped boroughs install over 1,100 new residential charging points across the capital, with many more on the way. Delivering more charging points is also one of London Councils' Pledges to Londoners, and demonstrates our commitment to creating a more liveable and inclusive city for everyone. ”
By 2020, using prudent EV uptake assumptions, the city could need around 200 to 400 rapid charge points and 3,400 to 4,700 slow to fast charge points. By 2025, with EV uptake in line with the MTS and London's 1.5 degree plan, this could rise to between 2,300 to 4,100 rapid charge points and 33,700 to 47,500 slow to fast charge points. The expectation of
the taskforce is that the numbers of points suggested in the report would be delivered primarily by the private sector but further support from the Government may be needed.
As it is likely there will be a mix of both types of chargers the numbers of chargers are likely to be somewhere in between these ranges. It is important to note that the wide range in the numbers of charge points is largely driven by commitments from the private hire sector to transform their fleets to be zero emission and other factors such as the cost and supply of vehicles improving. The total number of rapid charge points required would reduce further should charging speed capability of new vehicles increase to accommodate ultra-rapid charging (100-150kW+).
These estimates have been derived from a modelling exercise, which took into account uncertainties including the rate of the switch to EVs, charging behaviour and charger utilisation. Because of the uncertainties of these variables, and so to avoid the risk of ‘predict and provide', the taskforce did not recommend a prescriptive, target-based approach to 2025. Instead, the focus is on addressing the barriers to scaling up existing infrastructure in a way that takes account of the need to ensure London's streets are ‘Healthy Streets' and do not contribute to congestion.
A common concern is that EVs will put too much strain on the power supply and will cause the system to fail. However, evidence provided by the National Grid and local distribution networks suggests that this can be effectively overcome through better coordinated and ‘smarter' use of our power networks.
London Boroughs have installed more than 1,100 overnight residential charge points as part of the ‘Go Ultra Low City' partnership between the GLA, TfL and London Councils.